So how do you know if you are flat-footed and susceptible to these aches and pains?
Here is a simple test you can perform:
- Wet your feet.
- Stand on a flat surface where your footprint will be visible, such as a concrete floor.
- Step away, then look at the prints. A complete imprint of the bottom of your foot indicates you have flat feet, if there is a gap or space in the middle between the toes and heel, you have more normal arches.
Here are some causes of flat feet:
- an abnormality present at birth
- stretched or torn tendons
- broken/dislocated bones
- nerve complications
- ice therapy
- routine stretching exercises for feet or physical therapy
- over-the-counter pain relief medications
- orthotic devices for shoes or braces
- injections such as corticosteroids to combat inflammation
- limiting activities that put excessive stress on your feet, such as running on hard surfaces, or high-impact sports like basketball, hockey, soccer and tennis
- keeping risk factors like diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity in check, which can all make flat feet worse